<![CDATA[DreamsID.com - Science related posts]]>Mon, 06 Apr 2020 14:38:19 +0000Weebly<![CDATA[Article on the science and research background to the DreamsID collaboration, in the Autumn 2019 edition of Dream Time, magazine of the International Association for the Study of Dreams.]]>Thu, 03 Oct 2019 10:51:29 GMThttp://dreamsid.com/science-related-posts/article-on-the-science-and-research-background-to-the-dreamsid-collaboration-in-the-autumn-2019-edition-of-dream-time-magazine-of-the-international-association-for-the-study-of-dreams
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<![CDATA[Leslie Ellis (2020). A Clinicians's Guide to Dream Therapy. Routledge.]]>Mon, 23 Sep 2019 09:06:23 GMThttp://dreamsid.com/science-related-posts/leslie-ellis-2019-a-clinicianss-guide-to-dream-therapy
This book surveys the current science of dreaming, and then details methods, case studies and theories of the use of dreams in psychotherapy. We are honoured that two artworks from DreamsID are reproduced in Chapter 9, Avenues of Exploration: Visual Art and Technology, and that the theory and practice of the DreamsID art science collaboration are described in that chapter. 
<![CDATA[Our paper on the relationship between dream sharing and empathy.]]>Mon, 24 Jun 2019 07:56:10 GMThttp://dreamsid.com/science-related-posts/our-paper-on-the-relationship-between-dream-sharing-and-empathyOne of the aims of the DreamsID collaboration is to increase empathy towards the dreamer through the discussion of the dream and through the discussion of the artwork depicting the dream. We have now published the first study on the relationship between dream sharing and empathy, in the journal Frontiers in Psychology. The paper can be seen and downloaded here.
<![CDATA[Paper on the timescale of incorporation of waking life experiences into dreams]]>Sun, 27 Jan 2019 12:21:57 GMThttp://dreamsid.com/science-related-posts/paper-on-the-timescale-of-incorporation-of-waking-life-experiences-into-dreamsThis paper addresses how long it takes waking life experiences to be incorporated into dreams. Personally significant events are found to have a different timescale of incorporation than major concerns and the more everyday activities. This provides evidence that dreaming has some emotional processing and memory consolidation function.
<![CDATA[Paper on the effects of discussing REM dreams, NREM dreams, and daydreams]]>Mon, 23 Jul 2018 21:06:04 GMThttp://dreamsid.com/science-related-posts/paper-on-the-effects-of-discussing-rem-dreams-nrem-dreams-and-daydreamsOur paper "Insight from the consideration of REM dreams, non-REM dreams and daydreams", authors Mark Blagrove, Chris Edwards, Elaine van Rijn, Alex Reid, Josie Malinowski, Paul Bennett, Michelle Carr, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Shauna McGee, Katie Evans and Perrine Ruby, has been published by the American Psychological Association journal Psychology of Consciousness. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cns0000167
<![CDATA[Paper on neuroscience of incorporation of waking life experiences into dreams]]>Wed, 04 Jul 2018 22:32:41 GMThttp://dreamsid.com/science-related-posts/paper-on-neuroscience-of-incorporation-of-waking-life-experiences-into-dreamsourOur paper titled 'Incorporation of recent waking-life experiences in dreams correlates with frontal theta activity in REM sleep'  has been published in the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
<![CDATA[Presenting on dreaming and empathy at the European Sleep Research Society Congress, September 2018]]>Wed, 04 Jul 2018 22:25:57 GMThttp://dreamsid.com/science-related-posts/presenting-on-dreaming-and-empathy-at-the-european-sleep-research-society-congress-september-2018We will be presenting 'Testing the empathy theory of dreaming: the relationship between trait empathy and positive attitude towards dreams and the frequencies of listening to and telling dreams', authors M. Blagrove, S. Hale, J. Lockheart, M. Carr, and A. Jones, in Basel this September.
<![CDATA[Paper on benefits of sharing dreams, to be given at the 35th annual conference of the International Association for the Study of Dreams, Scottsdale, Arizona, 16th - 20th June 2018]]>Sun, 25 Feb 2018 19:13:11 GMThttp://dreamsid.com/science-related-posts/paper-on-benefits-of-sharing-dreams-to-be-given-at-the-35th-annual-conference-of-the-international-association-for-the-study-of-dreams-scottsdale-arizona-16th-20th-june-2018A new theory of dream function: Telling dreams enhances empathy towards the dreamer
Mark Blagrove, Michelle Carr, Alex Jones, and Julia Lockheart 
Presentation summary: We propose that dreaming has been selected for during evolution so that the fictional emotional simulation can be told to others after waking. The benefits of the simulation to the dreamer occur not during sleep but due to enhanced interpersonal bonding and, in particular, enhanced empathy towards the dreamer.   

<![CDATA[Recent, remote and mundane memory sources in dreams]]>Thu, 12 Oct 2017 21:37:22 GMThttp://dreamsid.com/science-related-posts/recent-remote-and-mundane-memory-sources-in-dreamsA paper in the open access journal PLOS ONE, published October 2017, addresses the timescale by which daily life events are incorporated into dreams. The majority of these incorporations are from the days before the dream, and, as noted by Freud, mundane and apparently unimportant memories from the day before the dream are also incorporated. To read the paper, click here http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0185262
Authors are Raphael Vallat, Benoit Chatard, Mark Blagrove and Perrine Ruby.
<![CDATA[A study that might help to show whether dreams have a function]]>Fri, 02 Jun 2017 18:45:05 GMThttp://dreamsid.com/science-related-posts/a-study-that-might-help-to-show-whether-dreams-have-a-functionAn April 2017 paper might lead to work that gives clues as to whether dreaming has a function.
F.Siclari et al. (2017). The neural correlates of dreaming. Nature Neuroscience, Nature Neuroscience, 20, 872–878 doi:10.1038/nn.4545.

Francesca Siclari and colleagues woke participants hundreds of times in the sleep lab and asked each time whether they were having a Dream Experience (DE), Dream Experience Without Recall of a dream (DEWR), or No Experience (NE).

They found that Brain activity associated with Dream Experience (DE), as compared to NE (No Experience), had reduced power in the 1–4-Hz band in a parieto-occipital region, that is lower amount of slow waves, which are associated with non-REM sleep.  DE with recall of content, compared to DEWR (Dream Experience Without Recall) and NE, was associated with higher high-frequency power (more wakelike EEG) in medial and lateral frontoparietal areas.

So dreaming occurs in NREM sleep because the 'hot spot' is activated.
The next step would be to find out why the hot spot / dreaming, is turned on during sleep, and indeed during REM and non-REM sleep. We could ask the question, is virtual simulation of the world (i.e., dreaming) sometimes needed to complete/enhance memory processing that is occurring during sleep? Does the brain do some memory processing and then need to run a dream simulation to complete the processing?

Also, if we can find out why the 'hot spot' changes during sleep, with deep slow waves decreasing and fast waves increasing, that might give clues as to any function of this physiological change, and any function of the dreams that are then created.